The common and widespread veterinary use of diclofenac in past decades was the main cause of vulture declines in South Asia. However, diclofenac is not the only vulture-toxic Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID) in use and thereby killing vultures.
Now that diclofenac is banned in South Asia and its veterinary use greatly reduced in the region, other vulture-toxic NSAIDs are competing with meloxicam for the former market share of diclofenac and thereby pose a real threat to the recovery of Asia’s critically endangered vultures.
We have evidence for the toxicity to vultures of six NSAIDs other than diclofenac, namely: aceclofenac, carprofen, flunixin, ketoprofen, nimesulide and phenylbutazone.
We have presented this evidence in the summaries below, and we hope that these documents will assist decision makers bring about bans on all vulture-toxic NSAIDs in South Asia to allow vulture populations to recover.
Meloxicam remains the only known vulture-safe NSAID.
All source papers referenced within each summary can be downloaded here.
SAVE Programme Manager,
International Species Recovery,
RSPB, The Lodge,
SG19 2DL, UK
+44 (0) 1767 680 551
Charity Number: 207076
Copyright RSPB 2016